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Getting Started

How to Navigate the Report

There are two ways to navigate this report described below. If you are interested in the full report, we encourage you to start from the beginning with Chapter 1: Introduction and simply use the "turn the page" function.

Table of Contents

The Table of Contents is accessed through the "hamburger menu" icon located in the bookmark on the left-hand side of each page. This report is broken down into seven chapters, plus the Executive Summary and Conclusion. From this menu, you can easily navigate to any Chapter/subsection/page in the report, or return to the home page.

An abbreviated version of the Table of Contents is also accessible in the footer, at the bottom of each page.

The arrows at the bottom left-hand of your screen will sequentially take you through the report, page by page. For example, press the right arrow to move from Section 1.1 to Section 1.2. The forward arrow (>) allows you to turn to the next page while the back arrow (<) allows you to return to the previous page.

Information Guide

This icon can be found in the middle of the bookmark located on the left-hand side of each page in this report. It provides the information above on how to navigate through the content. You can access this guide anytime without leaving the current page you’re visiting.

Photo: Al-Pac

Section 1.2

Reporting Area & Landscape Context

Al-Pac FMA Areamakes up 10% of Alberta's land area.

This predominantly forested region includes a diversity of forest types and wetlands. In addition to forest harvesting, large areas of the Al-Pac FMA area are leased for oil and gas development. 

Forest harvesting is one of several land uses in the Al-pac FMA area.
Photo: ABMI

Wetland ecosystems cover about 40% of the Al-Pac FMA area.
Photo: ABMI

Fire is the principal natural disturbance in the boreal forest.
Photo: Caitlin Willier


The Al-Pac FMA area covers approximately 63,700 km2 in the Boreal Forest Natural Region of northeastern Alberta. The region where Al-Pac’s FMA area is located includes[1]:

  • a mosaic of upland forests composed mainly of Trembling Aspen, Balsam Poplar, White Spruce, White Birch, and Jack Pine, and lowland forests composed of Black Spruce and Larch; 
  • 1.9 million hectares of potentially harvestable* forest, mainly upland Trembling Aspen and White Spruce forest;
  • 4.9 million hectares of wetlands, non-commercial black spruce stands and non-harvestable forest areas (river valleys, slopes, and riparian buffers);
  • large areas leased for oil and gas development and its associated infrastructures, such as roads and utilities;
  • socially and economically valued activities including hunting, fishing, trapping, and other recreational pursuits.

*The size of trees in a forest stand reflects a combination of time since last disturbance and the productivity of the site. Harvest age is reached by 60 to 80 years for deciduous species like Trembling Aspen and Balsam Poplar, and 80 to 100 years for conifer species.

Al-Pac primarily harvests deciduous trees (Trembling Aspen and Balsam Poplar) but also harvests small numbers of birch and conifer trees (White Spruce, Jack Pine and Black Spruce). Other forest companies (commonly referred to as quota holders) that operate in the FMA area harvest conifer species, predominantly White Spruce with some Black Spruce and Jack Pine. Between 1993 and 2019, Al-Pac and other forest companies harvested about 367,000 hectares, which represents 6% of the total FMA area and about 19% of the commercially productive forest.

Al-Pac primarily harvests deciduous trees while quota holders harvest conifers.
Photo: Jesse Cruz, FSC® Canada - 2017

About the Al-Pac FMA Area

Click on a topic to find out more about the Al-Pac FMA area and surrounding region.

Area of Analysis

At the request of Al-Pac, this report covers two analysis areas:

Al-Pac FMA Area

The Al-Pac FMA area covers approximately 63,700 km2 in northeastern Alberta.
  • The Al-Pac FMA area boundary has not changed significantly since the 2015 ABMI biodiversity report update.
  • Prior to 2015, portions of the FMA area were removed as a result of the treaty land entitlement process settled between the governments of Canada, Alberta and Bigstone Cree Nation. 
  • Deletions and additions to the FMA boundary also occurred as a result of the Government of Alberta’s Lower Athabasca Regional Plan in 2012[1,2]

Area of Ecological Influence

The Area of Ecological Influence (AEI) covers approximately 141,900 km2. The AEI:
  • is a spatial area that is applicable to various FSC criteria and indicators (e.g. 6.1 and 6.5);
  • is an ecologically-based analysis unit defined by all Ecodistricts[3]  that overlap two FMA areas—Al-Pac and Mistik Management Ltd (Mistik) in Saskatchewan[4];   
  • extends across the Alberta-Saskatchewan border; the AEI in this status report only considers the area in Alberta.
Figure: Area of Analysis. Al-Pac Forest Management Agreement Area boundary and Area of Ecological Interest.



Government of Alberta. 2012. Lower Athabasca Regional Plan. Available at:


Alberta Pacific Forest Industries. 2012. Forest Stewardship Report Overview: Reporting Period 2006–2010. Available at:


Anonymous. 2018. Introduction to the Ecological Land Classification (ELC) 2017. Statistics Canada. Ottawa, ON.


DUC, CPAWS, Al-Pac, Mistik. 2018. Protected Areas Gap Analysis – Phase 1 Report, North East Alberta & North West Saskatchewan. 46 pp. Internal Report.


Arcese, P. and A.R.E. Sinclair. 1997. The role of protected areas as ecological baselines. Journal of Wildlife Management 61(3):587:605.

Spruce forest
Photo: ABMI

Effective Human Footprint

Effective Forestry Footprint


This report is in partnership with